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TOPIC: GERMANY SPEAKS - Joachim von Ribbentrop et al.

GERMANY SPEAKS - Joachim von Ribbentrop et al. 14 Mar 2017 14:10 #1

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with his son



Recommended by HOLTZ.


GERMANY SPEAKS free e-book



.
"The truth must be repeated over and over again,
because error is repeatedly preached among us, not
only by individuals, but by the masses. In periodicals
and cyclopaedias, in schools and universities; every-
where, in fact, error prevails, and is quite easy in the
feeling that it has a decided majority on its side."

~ J. W. v. Goethe

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GERMANY SPEAKS - Joachim von Ribbentrop et al. 14 Mar 2017 23:48 #2

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^ Looks good.

Will give that one a read once I finished The Bad War.
So we have come together on this day to prove symbolically that we are more than a collection of individuals striving one against another, that none of us is too proud, none of us too high, none is too rich, and none too poor, to stand together before the face of the Lord and of the world in this indissoluble, sworn community. And this united nation, we have need of it.

- Adolf Hitler, in Berlin, 01 May 1935
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GERMANY SPEAKS - Joachim von Ribbentrop et al. 28 Mar 2017 10:02 #3

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"Germany is making every effort in reconciling the apparently conflicting social
interests which threaten the integral unity of all nations, to give her people the happiness of a
community held together in brotherly fashion; to assist those in poorer circumstances and to
further all good and healthy instincts for the material and personal well-being of the people as
a whole.

"With the same spirit which governs our actions at home we wish to establish our
relations abroad.

"We believe that the tasks which Providence has set us all, if we are to dwell amicably
side by side on this earth, must be solved in the same spirit; we wish, therefore, to co-operate
sincerely and confidently with all Nations and all States who share these sentiments: and to
put this our earnest striving into practice."


THE FÜHRER AND CHANCELLOR OF THE REICH
to the Diplomatic Corps. January 11th, 1938.
"The truth must be repeated over and over again,
because error is repeatedly preached among us, not
only by individuals, but by the masses. In periodicals
and cyclopaedias, in schools and universities; every-
where, in fact, error prevails, and is quite easy in the
feeling that it has a decided majority on its side."

~ J. W. v. Goethe

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GERMANY SPEAKS - Joachim von Ribbentrop et al. 06 Apr 2017 08:59 #4

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GERMANY SPEAKS


by
21 Leading Members of
PARTY and STATE

With a Preface by
JOACHIM VON RIBBENTROP,
Reich Minister for Foreign Affairs


LONDON
Thornton Butterworth Ltd

First published . May 1938
Second Impression . May 1938
Third Impression . June 1938


WRAPPER DESIGN BY BRUNO KARBERG OF HAMBURG.
All rights reserved
MADE AND PRINTED IN GREAT BRITAIN



PREFACE


THE Führer and Chancellor has repeatedly referred to the importance attaching to
Anglo-German relations for the peaceful development of Europe.

As Reich Minister for Foreign Affairs I look upon it as one of my duties to assist in
every way possible any movement genuinely desirous of promoting understanding between
these two great nations. Thus I welcome the following chapters in which competent
authorities have endeavoured to bring those problems and ideas which actuate life in Germany
closer to the understanding of the English.




Reich Minister for Foreign Affairs.

BERLIN, April 2nd, 1938.

"The truth must be repeated over and over again,
because error is repeatedly preached among us, not
only by individuals, but by the masses. In periodicals
and cyclopaedias, in schools and universities; every-
where, in fact, error prevails, and is quite easy in the
feeling that it has a decided majority on its side."

~ J. W. v. Goethe

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GERMANY SPEAKS - Joachim von Ribbentrop et al. 01 May 2017 09:04 #5

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CONTENTS



FÜHRER AND REICH CHANCELLOR ...................................................... Frontispiece

............................................................................................................................ PAGE

PREFACE ................................................................................................................ 9
JOACHIM VON RIBBENTROP, Reich Minister for Foreign Affairs


PUBLISHERS' NOTE ................................................................................................ 15




Part I

FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THE NEW GERMANY

SECT. .............................................................................................................................PAGE

1. GERMANY AS A UNITARY STATE ............................................................................ 19
DR. FRICK, Reich Minister of the Interior

2. POPULATION POLICY ............................................................................................... 26
DR. ARTHUR GÜTT, Head of the National Hygiene Department in the
Ministry of the Interior


3. NATIONAL SOCIALIST RACIAL THOUGHT .............................................................. 41
DR. WALTER GROSS, Head of the Reich Bureau for Enlightenment on
Population Policy and Racial Welfare


4. THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE IN NATIONAL SOCIALIST GERMANY .......... 46
DR. FRANZ GURTNER, Reich Minister of Justice

5. THE PLACE OF WOMEN IN THE NEW GERMANY ................................................... 50
FRAU GERTRUD SCHOLTZ-KLINK, Reich Women's Leader

6. EDUCATION IN THE THIRD REICH ........................................................................... 53
BERNHARD RUST, Reich and Prussian Minister of Science, Education
and Popular Enlightenment


7 THE ESSENCE OF "PROPAGANDA"IN GERMANY. .................................................. 61
DR. G. KURT JOHANNSEN, Managing Director of the Hanse Press




Part II

HOW GERMANS LIVE - LABOUR

SECT. .............................................................................................................................PAGE

1. FINANCIAL POLICY. ................................................................................................. 67
FRITZ REINHARDT, Secretary of State in the National Ministry of Finance

2. THE NATIONAL FOOD ESTATE ................................................................................ 75
R. WALTHER DARRÉ, Reich Minister of Food and Agriculture,
Reich Farmers' Leader, Reichsleiter of the National Socialist Party


3. SOCIAL POLICY IN THE NEW GERMANY. ............................................................... 79
DR. ROBERT LEY, Leader of the National Labour Front

4. THE STATE LABOUR SERVICE IN GERMANY ......................................................... 91
SENIOR LABOUR LEADER MÜLLER-BRANDENBURG, Leader of the Foreign
Affairs and Intelligence Department attached to the Reich Labour Leader

5. THE NATIONAL SOCIALIST WELFARE ORGANISATION AND
THE WINTER HELP SCHEME
.................................................................................... 95
ERICH HILGENFELDT, Head of the National Socialist Welfare Organisation




Part III

HOW GERMANS LIVE - LEISURE

SECT. .............................................................................................................................PAGE

1. GERMAN SPORT ...................................................................................................... 105
HANS VON TSCHAMMER UND OSTEN, Reich Sports Leader

2. GERMAN CULTURE AND LITERATURE .................................................................... 109
DR. HANS FRIEDRICH BLUNCK, Honorary President of the Reich Chamber of Literature,
Member of the Reich Culture Senate and of the Senate of the Academy of Literature


3. THE MOTOR HIGHWAYS BUILT BY HERR HITLER
THE PLANNING, CONSTRUCTION AND IMPORTANCE OF THE REICH MOTOR ROADS

... ...................................................................................................................................... 118
DR. TODT, Inspector-General of the German Road and Highways System




Part IV

GERMANY AND THE WORLD

SECT. .............................................................................................................................PAGE

1. GERMANY'S POSITION IN WORLD ECONOMY ....................................................... 131
DR. HJALMAR SCHACHT, Reich Minister and President of the Reichsbank


2. THE COLONIAL PROBLEM ...................................................................................... 137
GENERAL RITTER VON EPP, Reich Governor in Bavaria, Reich Leader of the Colonial League
and the Colonial Board of the National Socialist Party


3. DEVELOPMENTS IN GERMAN COMMERCIAL PUBLICITY, ITS REORGANISATION AND
RELATIONS TO GREAT BRITAIN
.................................................................................. 145
ERNST REICHARD, President of the National Board for Trade Publicity

4. GERMANS ABROAD ................................................................................................. 150
E. W. BOHLE, Head of the Foreign Organisation of the National Socialist Party and
Secretary of State in the Foreign Office


5. THE PRESS AND WORLD POLITICS ........................................................................ 157
DR. DIETRICH, Secretary of State, Reich Chief of Press

6 GERMANY AND ENGLAND. WHAT HAS BEEN: WHAT IS: WHAT OUGHT TO BE ..... 167
FREIHERR VON RHEINBABEN, former Secretary of State

.
"The truth must be repeated over and over again,
because error is repeatedly preached among us, not
only by individuals, but by the masses. In periodicals
and cyclopaedias, in schools and universities; every-
where, in fact, error prevails, and is quite easy in the
feeling that it has a decided majority on its side."

~ J. W. v. Goethe

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GERMANY SPEAKS - Joachim von Ribbentrop et al. 01 May 2017 21:48 #6

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PUBLISHERS' NOTE



UNDERSTANDING and practical co-operation in the interests of peace between Great Britain,
Germany, France and Italy, are the supreme desideratum of our day. It is therefore essential that the
British Public should obtain reliable information on Germany's political and economic aims and
aspirations, and a picture of the developments in that country since Adolf Hitler came to power.

This authoritative book is an endeavour to meet that crying need. In it almost all the Reich
Ministers or their responsible representatives, Secretaries of State and leading Party Officials have
furnished a carefully balanced account of their individual activities. The English reader is thus shown
the attitude of Germany on things economic and political, foreign and domestic, her claim to colonies,
and numerous other aspects of life in the Reich.

It is hoped that such a clarification of German policy, enunciated by those most intimately
concerned, may contribute towards a clearer understanding of our neighbour's aims and aspirations.
Preparations for the publication of this book were already well advanced when the Publishers
had the gratification of receiving the following message of approval and encouragement from Reich
Minister Baron von Neurath, President of the Secret Cabinet Council:

This book should be looked upon as an earnest endeavour on the part of the Germany
created by Adolf Hitler to explain in plain and simple language - as I think every reader will
admit - to her neighbour across the North Sea her plans and achievements, her desires and
aims. I therefore venture to express the wish that its thoughts and words may not pass unheard,
but be received in England in a spirit of understanding and friendship. I personally believe that
a frank discussion before the public of the world between these two great and kindred nations
should constitute a valuable contribution towards the advent of peace to Europe and the whole
world. It is in this spirit that I wish every success to Germany Speaks


(signature) ......................................
.

It only remains to thank those who have contributed the various articles and particularly our
Hamburg collaborator, Dr. G. Kurt Johannsen, who was instrumental in obtaining the entire material;
and to state that, while we cannot be expected to agree with all the views herein expressed, we hope
that by the publication of this book we may have contributed in some small measure to international
goodwill.
"The truth must be repeated over and over again,
because error is repeatedly preached among us, not
only by individuals, but by the masses. In periodicals
and cyclopaedias, in schools and universities; every-
where, in fact, error prevails, and is quite easy in the
feeling that it has a decided majority on its side."

~ J. W. v. Goethe

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GERMANY SPEAKS - Joachim von Ribbentrop et al. 24 Oct 2017 09:16 #7

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PFIZIPFEI wrote:
(...)


R.I.P. Joachim von Ribbentrop

www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=pv&GRid=7001 - by Sergeant Woods
www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7001 The Virtual Flowers feature has been turned off for this memorial because it was being continually misused.



What kind of "culture" is this that loves nothing better than exposing the tortured and mutilated bodies of their adversaries PUBLICLY?

It's definitely wikipedia "culture", "the oh - so free encyclopedia" shows the post mortem pictures of all murdered high-ranking German officials and I only wonder, why they don't show a post mortem photo of Osama Bin Laden and Muammar Gaddafi etc as well. (end of sarcasm)








wikipedia - you know who owns them




and yad vashem post mortem collection




Germany's Foreign Minister, Joachim von Ribbentrop, entered the execution chamber at 1.11 a.m. Nuremberg time. Von Ribbentrop was the first politician to be hanged on the PESSACH (passover) morning of October 16, 1946. After being escorted up the 13 steps to the waiting noose, von Ribbentrop was asked if he had any final words. He calmly said: "God protect Germany. God have mercy on my soul. My final wish is that Germany should recover her unity and that, for the sake of peace, there should be understanding between East and West." As the hood was placed over his head, von Ribbentrop added: "I wish peace to the world." After a slight pause the executioner pulled the lever, releasing the trap door von Ribbentrop stood upon. Most accounts, including an official British report, agree von Ribbentrop's hanging was botched. Rather than breaking his neck and killing him instantly, as it should have, the rope slowly strangled von Ribbentrop. He was pronounced dead approximately 20 minutes after being dropped. (Source: Bloch, pp. 498)


According to other sources: 'God protect Germany,' in German, and then added, 'May I say something else?'
The interpreter nodded and the former diplomatic wizard of Nazidom spoke his last words in loud, firm tones: 'My last wish is that Germany realize its entity and that an understanding be reached between the East and the West. I wish peace to the world.'




Joachim von Ribbentrop and Neville Chamberlain

With Adolf Hitler and with his son




More Historical Pictures:
www.akg-images.de/C.aspx?VP3=SearchResult&VBID=2UMESQJAWW66O
thirdreichcolorpictures.blogspot.de/2010/01/reichsminister-joachim-von-ribbentrop.html
footage.framepool.com/de/shot/646915645-honi-morell-joachim-von-ribbentrop-berghof-kollektion-eva-braun


The illegal Nuremberg kangaroo court revealed the highly criminal, completely misanthropic nature of the current rulers of the earth crystal clear for the very first time!


truth-zone.net/forum/general-discussion/65759-what-if-everything-you-were-taught-about-world-war-ii-was-a-lie.html?start=2020#148750
"The truth must be repeated over and over again,
because error is repeatedly preached among us, not
only by individuals, but by the masses. In periodicals
and cyclopaedias, in schools and universities; every-
where, in fact, error prevails, and is quite easy in the
feeling that it has a decided majority on its side."

~ J. W. v. Goethe

Johannes Lang "The Hollow World Theory" Blog
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GERMANY SPEAKS - Joachim von Ribbentrop et al. 24 Oct 2017 09:32 #8

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PART I
FUNDAMENTAL
PRINCIPLES OF
THE NEW GERMANY



SECTION ONE
GERMANY AS A UNITARY STATE
DR. FRICK
Reich Minister of the Interior



GERMANY has been centuries behind Great Britain and France in achieving her national
consolidation; and many struggles, both internal and external, have been required to attain
it. At a time when the principles of unification had long established themselves in the governance and
administration of other European countries, Germany was still divided into a huge number of secular
and ecclesiastical principalities, considerably differing in size, whose rulers were eagerly intent-even
at the time when the medieval Empire was at the zenith of its power-upon their own aggrandisement at
the expense of the Emperors. It was of great help to them, in that connection, that the Holy Roman
Empire of the German Nation rested on an elective - as opposed to an hereditary - foundation, which
made it all the easier for them to impose their own will upon the wearers of the Imperial crown. The
Thirty Years War destroyed even the outward semblance of power wielded by the Emperors. What
was left was a "shadow Empire," an utterly impoverished nation, and an almost innumerable number
of rival States which, in time, became mere pawns in the political game of the non-German powers.
Large tracts of country inhabited by a purely Germanic population, stretching from the Netherlands to
Switzerland, detached themselves from the Empire, some permanently and some temporarily.

To Germany, the peculiar tragedy of this development lies in the fact that it coincided with the
age of discovery and with the colonisation of the American continent the West Indies and Africa.
When, therefore, the world was first distributed among the European countries, the political and
national constitution of Germany was such as to make it impossible for the nation to take an active
share in those great movements. More than two centuries had to pass before the spirit of national
solidarity grew up again. In the course of time, the number of small and very small States was reduced
to workable proportions; but even then a severe struggle for ascendancy - more particularly between
Prussia and Austria-had to be waged before the Second Reich could be founded as a result of the
policy conducted by Prince Bismarck.

It would be wrong to assume that the Bismarckian Empire of 1871 was a unitary State. It was,
indeed, composed of 22 federal States, each of which had its own ruler, its own government, and its
own legislative bodies. In addition, some of them had their own postal and railway administrations,
and even their own armies. There were very important matters of internal organisation in which the
authority of the Central Government in Berlin could only be exercised after innumerable obstacles had
been surmounted, or in which it could not be exercised at all.

There was - above all - a lack of uniformity in internal administration, in the principles
underlying municipal legislation, and in the police system.

In Great Britain, the work of political consolidation was started during the Norman period, so
that - during the Elizabethan era - it could be used as the foundation of the world-wide Empire
subsequently acquired by the Insular Kingdom.

In France, the development from a feudal to a national State dates back to Henry of Navarre and
Louis XIII. By Cardinal Richelieu the administration of the country was completely centralised, all
authority being vested in the king and his ministers and all legislation originating from Paris. Within a
short time, the spirit of national unity grew so strong that it could successfully withstand not only the
revolution of 1789, but also all the other political crises that have since occurred in France.

In Germany, events moved in the opposite direction. The Imperial Prerogative, still fairly
considerable during the Middle Ages, decreased more and more, and after the Thirty Years War full
sovereignty was accorded each of the territorial principalities. The final goal of that development was
decentralisation instead of centralisation; and the process of political disintegration was accelerated by
economic barriers of all kinds.

Notwithstanding its shortcomings, however, the Constitution drawn up by Prince Bismarck was
a great improvement upon the preceding state of affairs. By it, the loose confederation of States
previously existing was converted into a far more coherent federated State, of which Bismarck's North
German Confederation was a kind of forerunner, both politically and economically. During the
Franco-German War (1870-1), that great statesman's far-sighted policy in his dealings with the South
German States resulted in the creation of a federated State which comprised both North and South
Germany.

After the débâcle of 1918, the monarchical Constitution was superseded by that of the Weimar
Republic, but no fundamental change took place in the relations between the Central Government and
the individual States. The part previously paid by the rulers of the latter was henceforth taken by their
respective parliamentary bodies.

It was therefore not until the advent of the National Socialist régime under the leadership of
Herr Hitler (1933) that the authority still wielded by the then existing seventeen federal States was so
severely curtailed that it became subordinated to that exercised by the National Government.

Seventeen parliamentary bodies, each of which nullified the will of the German people by
creating artificial antagonisms and fomenting party dissension, were swept away by the fervour of the
National Socialist movement. Before that, the supreme authority of the Central Government was
constantly weakened by its own instability, by its dependence upon shifting parliamentary majorities,
and by the resulting civil disturbances. These conditions vanished as if by magic as soon as the
triumph of Herr Hitler and the National Socialist movement became a reality. Party strife and class
war came to an end. The menace of a Bolshevist revolution was overcome at the eleventh hour.
Communism was suppressed, and the last traces of the always smouldering civil war were eradicated.
A régime that was shaken by one crisis after the other, that lacked the confidence of the nation, and
wearily continued its precarious existence from day to day, had to give way to that of Herr Hitler,
which enjoys the support of the great majority of the German people. Since then, order and security
prevail again, and economic conditions are continually improving.

The Leader and Chancellor has vigorously taken in hand the great work of political
reconstruction. He is now converting the federated State into a unitary one, whose affairs are
conducted as he directs. Thus, the century-old attempts at unification are at last within sight of being
crowned with success.

Four years have elapsed since Herr Hitler's assumption of power on January 30th, 1933. Anyone
visiting the country can personally convince himself of the immense improvement wrought in that
short time. Within a few months, supreme power throughout the country was concentrated in the
hands of the Leader. Since then, systematic steps have been taken to rebuild the State. The measures
introduced to that end no longer depend for their success upon political accidents or the intrigues of
political opponents. Recent elections and plebiscites have shown that not a mere majority, but actually
99 per cent. of the electorate, support the Government and endorse its decisions, so that the Reichstag
is now more fully representative of the nation's will than it has ever been before.

The victory of National Socialism has thus created the political conditions indispensable to the
complete unification of Germany.

The Bismarckian Constitution succumbed to the onslaughts of Germany's internal enemies
during the World War. It was sabotaged by those political parties which - as early as 19 17 - had
endeavoured to exercise a certain influence in connection with the conduct of the State. The ultimate
reason for its failure to withstand these attacks upon it was that the Second Reich was not a unitary
State. The twenty-two components of that Reich had retained a considerable amount of political
sovereignty, and the authority of the Central Government was restricted to a few domains. The
Constitution was bound to break down when parliamentary parties took the place of the ruling
dynasties, and when its main pillar - the close connection between the Reich and Prussia in the person
of the monarch - was withdrawn.

The Weimar Constitution of 1919 did not even restore this connection, which had proved so
useful a bond of union so long as the monarchical Constitution existed. It made it compulsory for all
the federal States - including Prussia - to adopt the parliamentary Republican régime. Under such a
régime, the centre of political gravity must naturally lie in the parliaments of the federal States and in
the Reichstag. In effect, however, all these bodies were dominated by a legion of political parties, the
percentage representation of which in each State varied exceedingly. Hence, the Weimar Republic
soon presented a picture of so much political disunion that it was found quite impossible to form a
Government really capable of governing the country.

The Weimar Constitution is directly responsible for the open breach between the Reich and
Prussia in 1932, inasmuch as - under its terms - that dispute was referred to a State Tribunal, which
was by no means qualified to effect a just solution. In October, 1932, a decision was pronounced by
that court: political authority in Prussia was divided up and an untenable situation was created which
lasted until January 30th, 1933.

Herr Hitler's Government has turned the party- governed federated State existing prior to his
coming-into-power into a unitary State. Three great measures had to be passed to bring about this
transformation, viz., first, the Acts establishing uniformity in the political organisations throughout the
country (1933); second, the Act of January 30th, 1934, governing the reform of the Reich
Government, and third, the extension of the authority wielded by the Reich Governors in the
individual States. These fundamental measures were supplemented by a number of others introduced
for the purpose of ensuring uniformity in the State executive and administration.

The first Act establishing uniformity in the political organisations was passed on March 31st,
1933. It did away with the difficulties arising out of the discrepancy between the composition of the
Reichstag and that of the parliamentary bodies in the various States. It was provided that party
representation must be uniform in all these parliaments so long as they continued in existence. The
second Act was passed on April 7th, 1933, and empowered the Leader and Chancellor to appoint
Reich Governors in all States. They act as his personal representatives, and each of them is entrusted
with the task of ensuring that Herr Hitler's political views dominate the policy of the State concerned.
The same Act restored an arrangement wisely introduced by Prince Bismarck years ago, but thrown
overboard by the makers of the Weimar Constitution, namely that by which the Government of the
Reich and that of Prussia (by far the largest of its constituent parts) are conducted on identical lines.
Herr Hitler achieved this purpose by appointing himself Reich Governor for Prussia.

After the dissolution of all political parties and the combined plebiscite and Reichstag elections
held on November 12th, 1933, when the new Government secured an overwhelming majority
throughout the country, it became possible for the new Reichstag to give its unanimous consent to an
Act definitely establishing the unitary State, i.e., that passed on January 30th, 1934, governing the
reform of the Reich Government. The five classical sentences expressing the nation's desire for the
creation of the unitary State read as follows:

The parliaments of the individual States are abolished. The sovereign rights of the States are
transferred to the Reich. The Reich Governors receive their instructions from the Reich Minister of the
Interior. The Reich Government is empowered to create new constitutional law.


By abolishing the separate parliamentary bodies and assigning all sovereign rights to the Reich
Government, this Act - to which the late President Hindenburg appended his signature on the day it
was passed - has removed the ultimate causes to which Germany's political disunion was attributable.

By subjecting the State governments to the Reich, it has established the unquestioned supremacy of
the latter. By empowering the Reich Minister of the Interior to give instructions to the Reich
Governors, it indicates that these latter will be the future heads of the various States, which - at a later
date - will be transformed into Reich provinces.

Additional legislation, more especially the act of January 30th, 1935, by which the authority
exercised by the Reich Governors was further extended, directed these Governors (and along with
them the Governors of the Prussian provinces) to ensure that the policy of the Leader is also adopted
within the areas over which they preside and which need not be identical with those covered by the
States, in so far as they still exist. To that end, they are authorised to make all the necessary
arrangements in connection with the administrative bodies set up within their respective districts,
including those of the Reich, those of the States, and all others exercising public functions. They are
also entitled - if instructed by the Leader and Chancellor to do so - to promulgate the laws affecting
their particular districts and to appoint officials in his name. In doing all this, however, they act as the
representatives of the Leader and Chancellor and of the Reich Government.

The Act passed on January 30th, 1935, contains some clauses that make it possible to establish
still closer collaboration between the executive of the Reich and the States. Thus, it provides that the
Leader and Chancellor may commission any Reich Governor to conduct the government of the State
concerned. Up to now, this provision has been made use of in respect of Saxony, Hesse, Lippe, and
Hamburg. In these States, therefore, the conditions have already been established that will prevail
throughout Germany when the reform of the Reich Government has been completed: The Reich
Governor solely and directly conducts the State Government and presides over the State
administration so that
the States named are in effect administrative units subject to the control of Governors appointed
by the Reich.

Thanks to all the aforenamed measures, the individual States have already been transformed into
constituent parts of the unitary State. This development has made especial progress in regard to
Prussia - a country which comprises three-fifths of the population and the area of Germany, which can
look back upon a long and proud history, and which therefore forms the main pillar of the
constitutional structure of the Reich. Prior to 1933, the Reich Government exercised but few
administrative functions of major importance, e.g., those in the domain of national finance. It was thus
found convenient to bring about far-reaching co-operation between itself and the highly developed
administrative system of Prussia. First, the competent Reich Ministers were entrusted with the
executive functions of the corresponding Prussian Ministers; and later on, such amalgamation was
extended throughout their respective spheres of work. To-day, combined administrations of this type
exist in the following departments: home affairs; justice; science, education: and popular instruction;
labour; transportation; national economy, and forests. Thus, what may be called a "Greater Prussia" is
being more efficiently merged with the" Greater Reich" than could have been achieved by the'
disintegration of Prussia, and one of Prince Bismarck's) aspirations is nearing its realisation. Such
gradual merger will be the outcome of the "liquidation of the States," which Herr Hitler described in
1933 as the goal of the plans for the reform of the Reich Government. It will be further accelerated by
the fact that the Governors of the Prussian provinces (each of which covers an area about equal to the
average area covered by the other States) have been given authority - as already stated - similar to that
granted to the Reich Governors. Like them, they are directly subject to the Reich Ministers, and
represent the Reich within the districts over which they preside.

The unification of Germany has not only been brought about in regard to the political and
administrative functions formerly reserved to the competent organs of the States and Prussian
provinces, but also finds expression in the political status of the inhabitants and in the form of the
national symbols. Under the Weimar Constitution, there was no German citizenship. Every German
was a citizen of some particular State. All this has been abolished, and all Germans are now citizens,
or nationals, of the Reich. Citizenship can be conferred by the States only if the Reich Minister of the
Interior gives his consent. By his famous decree of March 12th, 1933, President Hindenburg made the
swastika flag - the emblem of the victorious National Socialist movement - the national symbol of the
Third Reich along side with the black-and-white-and-red flag of the Bismarckian Reich; and by the
Act passed September 15th, 1935, the swastika flag showing the national colours - black, white, and
red - was made the principal symbol of Germany's political unity and is now representative of the
Reich, the nation, and the country's commerce.

The progress of unification has made itself felt in many respects. More particularly, the Reich is
now the sole competent authority in matters concerning legislation, administration and justice. The
States can only pass new legislation within the authorisation granted them by the Reich and with the
co-operation of the Reich Governors.

The administrative sovereignty of the States, which formed the backbone of their political life
under the Weimar Constitution, has passed over to the Reich; and their administrative functions are
now performed in pursuance of the authority vested in them by the latter. The decree issued by the
Leader and Chancellor on June 17th, 1936, subjected the important domain of police administration to
the uniform control of the Head of the German Police. By the decree governing municipal
administration (January 30th, 1935), genuine self government was restored to the municipalities, and
their legal status was uniformly determined. Public officials - whose importance to the unitary State
was specially emphasised when the new Act governing their status (January 26th, 1937) was passed -
are to-day one of the main pillars of that State. All of them are the direct servants of the Leader and
Chancellor and swear allegiance to him upon their appointment. He is responsible, in principle, for
their appointment and dismissal.

The administration of law and justice is the exclusive domain of the Reich, by which the whole
of the legal system with all its accessories was taken over in pursuance of the Act passed January 24th,
1935. Accordingly, all courts of law are now Reich institutions. They administer justice in the name of
the German people. The granting of pardons is solely vested in the Leader and Chancellor.

The reorganisation of the political structure of the Reich, as foreshadowed by the Act of January
30th, 1934, will be definitely completed when a number of internal territorial changes have been
effected. The present distribution of territory - quite comprehensible in view of the country's past
history - is largely due to purely accidental occurrences; and it will be necessary to remove existing
anomalies and to make arrangements by which regions with a homogeneous population and with
identical economic interests are amalgamated with one another, thus preparing the future division of
the whole country into Reich provinces. The first step in connection with this difficult measure -
difficult because so many traditions have to be respected - was made when the Act of January 26th,
1937, was passed. It deals with the future status of Greater Hamburg and a few similar matters. It
provides that Prussia, Oldenburg, and Mecklenburg will make certain territorial adjustments among
themselves, that the Hanseatic city of Lübeck will be incorporated with Prussia, and that the Prussian
towns and rural districts closely adjoining Hamburg will be absorbed by the latter, with which they
will henceforth form one administrative unit. By this Act the conditions have been created that are
indispensable for the territorial reorganisation of North-Western Germany.

The National Socialist Government is well aware of its duty to preserve the special cultural
features characteristic of each part of the country and to do everything that will encourage their growth
and further development. Care will be taken to render this easily possible notwithstanding the unifying
measures introduced in public administration, legislation and internal government. For that reason
some of the great organisations of the German people have been closely associated with certain towns
and cities. Munich is "the capital of the National Socialist movement," Nuremberg "the city of the
National Socialist party rallies," Goslar "the city of the Reich Food Corporation," Frankfort "the city
of German handicraft," and Hamburg will be "the Hanseatic city" entrusted with some tasks of nation-
wide importance.

National Socialist Germany, however, is not merely a unitary State: it is also a unitary nation,
and its governance is based on the principle of leadership. The nation constitutes the concrete
substance of the National Socialist movement, and the State is merely a means for the realisation of its
political aims. The National Socialist party is acknowledged to be the organisation with which by far
the greater part of the German people have identified themselves. It is therefore best qualified to
represent the nation, and the ultimate object must be to establish the complete unity of the party and
the State. Hence, leadership must be vested in the party, and positive tasks must be entrusted to it. It is
the embodiment of the German political idea and determines Germany's political activities. Its
organisation is the supreme organisation of the German people. The State apparatus serves the purpose
of giving effect to the political principles laid down by the party. It attends to all matters of
administration through the instrumentality of the public authorities and public officials. Its only task is
to be of service to the nation; but it is not fit for the exercise of leadership, Similar conditions have
existed in all periods of Germany's national history. Leadership has always been the preserve of
persons or groups of persons not directly connected with the machinery of State, such as the German
kings and emperors, the Church, the estates of the realm, the princely houses, and - in our own days -
the parliamentary bodies. In all these instances, the State apparatus was only a means employed by the
ruling powers.

In National Socialist Germany, leadership is in the hands of an organised community, the
National Socialist party; and as the latter represents the will of the nation the policy adopted by it in
harmony with the vital interests of the nation is at the same time the policy adopted by the country.

The necessary unity of the party and the State is the subject of the Act passed December 1st,
1933, by which the National Socialist party is specifically described as the leading and moving force
within the State. It doe not follow, however, that the State as such has ceased to, exist or that it is
intended to merge it with the party The National Socialist party is the only political party in Germany
and therefore the true representative of the people. It incorporates the German idea of the State and is
indissolubly associated with the State.

The unity of the party and the State finds its highest realisation in the person of the Leader and
Chancellor who - under the terms of the Act passed August 1st 1934 - combines the offices of
President and Chancellor. He is the leader of the National Socialist party, the political head of the
State, and the supreme commander of the defence forces. In this way, the authority of the party as
being the highest political organisation in the country has received recognition. Whenever the
proclamation of a new leader of the party takes place, the person thus nominated is at the same time
the head of the State and the supreme commander of the defence forces.

Other means by which effect has been given to the unity of the party and the State are the
following: the provision that the Leader's deputy is a member of the Government and that he takes part
in legislative and administrative matters; the personal identity of Reich Ministers with Reich leaders of
the party, and of Reich Governors and of Governors of Prussian provinces with district leaders of the
party; the fact that party functionaries are also members of State and municipal councils and the
appointment of party members in connection with the practical application of the Code of Municipal
Law.

All the organisational measures, however, that have been introduced in order to ensure the unity
of the party and the State, are dominated by the unity of the German idea of the State as embodied in
the Leader. It has created the party, has brought about its accession to power, and will continue to
inspire its actions, whilst it is the function of the State to give reality to that idea in accordance with
the will expressed by the National Socialist party.

The German people are aware that the principal task before them in the domain of domestic
policy is the further development of the unitary State on a national basis. I believe that I cannot close
this account more fitly than by quoting the concluding sentences of the broadcast speech which I
addressed to the nation on January 31st, 1934, immediately after the passing of the Act governing the
reform of the Reich Government.

Our generation has been called upon to create the national unitary State. We are to succeed
where our fathers failed and to bequeath to future generations the result of our endeavours. Let us
rejoice that Fate has found us worthy of so huge a task. Let us also realise that this day is a
turning-point in the history of our country, and that its importance can only be properly estimated
by posterity. I ask everyone of you to contribute your share to this splendid achievement. Let the
past be past, and – always conscious of your duty - envisage the future with confidence.
Pride yourselves on being privileged to witness so tremendous a change and to collaborate
in the work of moulding our country's destiny. Everyone is needed for that noble purpose. And all
those who love Germany must serve her to the limit of their power, so that the great work may be
completed for the benefit of the whole nation.
"The truth must be repeated over and over again,
because error is repeatedly preached among us, not
only by individuals, but by the masses. In periodicals
and cyclopaedias, in schools and universities; every-
where, in fact, error prevails, and is quite easy in the
feeling that it has a decided majority on its side."

~ J. W. v. Goethe

Johannes Lang "The Hollow World Theory" Blog
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