He was a disaster area under whose tutelage the average height of Frenchmen went down 6 inches, despite procrastinators and prevaricators who say otherwise, according to his batman and his coffin maker he was five feet two inches from the top of the head to the heels, like many short ppl he probly had a downer on taller folks.
Napoleon Bonaparte was born in Ajaccio, Corsica on August 15, 1769, he came to power in the wake of the 1792 French Revolution and died in exile on the British ruled island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean May 5, 1821, analysis of his body tissue reveals traces of arsenic which was at that time the recognized treatment for syphilis.
He deserted the Army of the Orient with which he invaded Egypt in April 1798 which after ostensibly achieving victory over the Mamluks suffered humiliating defeat by the Turkish Garrison at Acre in 1799 .. he had sent nine ships with his heavy artillery from Alexandria to the port of Haifa in defiance of the British Naval blockade, six of which were captured by the British who turned the guns over to the Turks.
His own fleet had been sunk by the British in 1798 at the Battle of the Nile, the three ships that made the passage had none of the massive cannon balls with which he had intended to reduce the Garrison Fort to rubble, while a Loyalist Frenchman on the Turkish Staff turned Napoleon's guns back onto his own self.
Thus weakened by the plague with nowhere to go except back the way they had come the invaders abandoned the siege, where after handing command to one General Kléber who was promoted to Viceroy, Bonaparte hastened back to France his clandestine departure made public August 23, 1799 to be lauded as Conqueror of Egypt, there after to proclaim himself Emperor of the French on December 2, 1804.
The French were under constant harassment from the Mamluks who had never surrendered, they were the Russian mercenaries who were employed as tax collectors and trouble shooters, who had changed their tactics waylaying and ambushing any loose French to the extent they were only able to move around the countryside in large groups.
Kléber made separate peace with the British who negotiated their safe passage, and who stayed on in Egypt there after to establish Government. Had his vanity not overridden other concerns NB himself should have made a separate peace, by bribing their top ppl in the first instance and promising them a share in the spoils when he took Constantinople which was his original plan there after.
It still would have worked had he not lost his siege guns, so it was his decision to run the British Naval blockade that cost him everything .. he launched a punitive invasion of Russia with 650,000 men in 1812 incensed that the Russians were continuing to trade with Britain against his orders.
He claimed victory against the Russians at Borodino on the outskirts of Moscow September 7, 1812, which means he had in fact fallen right into their trap .. the Russian tactic was to meet the invaders head on and inflict maximum casualties then to fall back to a prepared second line of defense and do the same thing.
Though the French held the field after the battle the Russians had instituted a "Scorched Earth" policy, whence the cities and towns on the invasion route had been evacuated and torched denying shelter for the invaders. Thus when Napoleon marched into Moscow three quarters of the city was in ashes.
He sent an envoy to the Russians with a note demanding their surrender they refused to see him .. thus deep in the Russian heartland in winter and with no supplies the Grand Armee had no choice but to retreat, under constant harassment from the Cossacks they tried to reach the French Garrison at Riga in Latvia.
Alerted that insurrection was being plotted in France Napoleon handed command to Marshall Ney and was back in Paris in ten days, Ney accompanied what was let of the Army into Riga then handed command over before he too took ship to France. The Latvians were hostile and gave no comfort to the survivors from Russia and around thirty thousand died on the streets.
The French contingent to the Grand Armee had most survivors, virtually none of the Spanish, Dutch and Portuguese contingents ever saw their homelands again .. after other military adventures and final defeat at Waterloo, then after exile and restoration Napoleon Bonaparte on July 15, 1815 had a fisherman row him out to a British Frigate where he requested quarter, they sent him to Saint Helena.
Name is Mick, Age 72, right winger, Christian, English
Likes received: 451
The Russians certainly made a fool of Napoleon, they left him sitting in Moscow instead of coming to meet him to discuss surrender terms..
Then when he finally realised they weren't going to play ball he had to retreat as his army began to starve, and the winter cut them down in droves on the march back.