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TOPIC: Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa, scientists find

Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa, scientists find 22 Oct 2017 22:05 #1

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www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2017/05/22/europe-birthplace-mankind-not-africa-scientists-find/




Sarah Knapton, Science Editor

22 May 2017 • 7:00pm

The history of human evolution has been rewritten after scientists discovered that Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa.

Currently, most experts believe that our human lineage split from apes around seven million years ago in central Africa, where hominids remained for the next five million years before venturing further afield.

But two fossils of an ape-like creature which had human-like teeth have been found in Bulgaria and Greece, dating to 7.2 million years ago.

The discovery of the creature, named Graecopithecus freybergi, and nicknameded ‘El Graeco' by scientists, proves our ancestors were already starting to evolve in Europe 200,000 years before the earliest African hominid.

An international team of researchers say the findings entirely change the beginning of human history and place the last common ancestor of both chimpanzees and humans - the so-called Missing Link - in the Mediterranean region.
"To some extent this is a newly discovered missing link"Professor Nikolai Spassov, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

At that time climate change had turned Eastern Europe into an open savannah which forced apes to find new food sources, sparking a shift towards bipedalism, the researchers believe.

“This study changes the ideas related to the knowledge about the time and the place of the first steps of the humankind,” said Professor Nikolai Spassov from the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.

“Graecopithecus is not an ape. He is a member of the tribe of hominins and the direct ancestor of homo.

“The food of the Graecopithecus was related to the rather dry and hard savannah vegetation, unlike that of the recent great apes which are living in forests. Therefore, like humans, he has wide molars and thick enamel.
The species could be the first hominid ever to exist
The species could be the first hominid ever to exist Credit: University of Toronto

"To some extent this is a newly discovered missing link. But missing links will always exist , because evolution is infinite chain of subsequent forms. Probably El Graeco's face will resemble a great ape, with shorter canines."
An artist's impression of Graecopithecus
An artist's impression of Graecopithecus Credit: National Museum of Natural History - Sofia, Assen Ignatov

The team analysed the two known specimens of Graecopithecus freybergi: a lower jaw from Greece and an upper premolar tooth from Bulgaria.

Using computer tomography, they were able to visualise the internal structures of the fossils and show that the roots of premolars are widely fused.

"While great apes typically have two or three separate and diverging roots, the roots of Graecopithecus converge and are partially fused - a feature that is characteristic of modern humans, early humans and several pre-humans,", said lead researcher Professor Madelaine Böhme of the University of Tübingen.

The lower jaw, has additional dental root features, suggesting that the species was a hominid.
The tooth of Graecopithecus Credit: University of Tubingen

The species was also found to be several hundred thousand years older than the oldest African hominid, Sahelanthropus tchadensis which was found in Chad.

"We were surprised by our results, as pre-humans were previously known only from sub-Saharan Africa," said doctoral student Jochen Fuss, a Tübingen PhD student who conducted this part of the study.

Professor David Begun, a University of Toronto paleoanthropologist and co-author of this study, added: "This dating allows us to move the human-chimpanzee split into the Mediterranean area."

During the period the Mediterranean Sea went through frequent periods of drying up completely, forming a land bridge between Europe and Africa and allowing apes and early hominids to pass between the continents.
The jawbone of Graecopithecus Credit: University of Tubingen

The team believe that evolution of hominids may have been driven by dramatic environmental changes which sparked the formation of the North African Sahara more than seven million years ago and pushed species further North.

They found large amounts of Saharan sand in layers dating from the period, suggesting that it lay much further North than today.

Professor Böhme added: "Our findings may eventually change our ideas about the origin of humanity. I personally don't think that the descendants of Graecopithecus die out, they may have spread to Africa later. The split of chimps and humans was a single event. Our data support the view that this split was happening in the eastern Mediterranean - not in Africa.

"If accepted, this theory will indeed alter the very beginning of human history."

However some experts were more skeptical about the findings.

Retired anthropologist and author Dr Peter Andrews, formerly at the Natural History Museum in London, said: "It is possible that the human lineage originated in Europe, but very substantial fossil evidence places the origin in Africa, including several partial skeletons and skulls.

"I would be hesitant about using a single character from an isolated fossil to set against the evidence from Africa."

The new research was published in the journal PLOS One.
"From each according to his ability, to each according to his need."
Last Edit: 22 Oct 2017 23:02 by novum. Reason: fix image link
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Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa, scientists find 22 Oct 2017 23:07 #2

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Prehistoric teeth fossils dating back 9.7 million years ‘could rewrite human history’. (found in Germany)

So Nazis are the source point of the human species of course this is yet to be confirmed.

govtslaves.info/2017/10/prehistoric-teeth-fossils-dating-back-9-7-million-years-could-rewrite-human-history/

that is 6 million years earlier than the vaunted out of africa human precursor known as lucy.
paleontologists in Germany have discovered 9.7 million-year-old fossilised teeth that a German politician has hailed as potentially “rewriting” human history.

The dental remains were found by scientists sifting through gravel and sand in a former bed of the Rhine river near the town of Eppelsheim.

They resemble those belonging to “Lucy”, a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton of an extinct primate related to humans and found in Ethiopia.

However, they do not resemble those of any other species found in Europe or Asia.

Scientists were so confused by the find they held off from publishing their research for the past year, Deutsche Welle reports.

Herbert Lutz, director at the Mainz Natural History Museum and head of the research team, told local media: “They are clearly ape teeth. Their characteristics resemble African finds that are four to five million years younger than the fossils excavated in Eppelsheim.

“This is a tremendous stroke of luck, but also a great mystery.”

At a press conference announcing the discovery, the mayor of Mainz suggested the find could force scientists to reassess the history of early humans.

“I don’t want to over-dramatise it, but I would hypothesise that we shall have to start rewriting the history of mankind after today,” he said.

Axel von Berg, a local archaeologist, said the new findings would “amaze experts”.

With the first paper on the research having just been published, the “real work” to unlock the mystery is only just beginning, Dr Lutz said.

If i still had emotions, i would be feeling, well smug. lol (provided it isnt a hoax of course with an ancient crisis actor's teeth providing the evidence.

edit: ironic that it is 6 million :larf:


Truth is anti-semitic
Last Edit: 22 Oct 2017 23:20 by Voltaire.
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Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa, scientists find 22 Oct 2017 23:34 #3

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Voltaire wrote:
If i still had emotions, i would be feeling, well smug. lol

:larf:

Voltaire wrote:
that is 6 million years earlier than the vaunted out of africa human precursor known as lucy.

When whitey start reverse trolling the jewish academics and "intellectuals", they will be scratching their heads.. oy vey how did this happen.

It has clearly begun. :coffee:
I remember the good old days, when 90+ year olds in nursing homes lived forever. Darn this pesky virus.

1365 = 1

1.1365 = 1,283,305,580,313,352
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Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa, scientists find 23 Oct 2017 01:30 #4

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I can see the academic response already "Teeth are just a social construct"


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Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa, scientists find 23 Oct 2017 18:34 #5

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Really?
All you nationalists and white supremacists and no one else has any interest in this topic?
I would have thought that this would have been of great interest.
"From each according to his ability, to each according to his need."
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Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa, scientists find 23 Oct 2017 18:50 #6

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There's several threads on it here - we went into all a while back - the Out of Africa theory is as good as dead for many peeps but will no doubt continue to be pushed by your mates ,
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Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa, scientists find 24 Oct 2017 01:37 #7

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Lizzy wrote:
There's several threads on it here - we went into all a while back - the Out of Africa theory is as good as dead for many peeps but will no doubt continue to be pushed by your mates ,

By my mates ... Huh?
I posted it because it answered some questions for me about how Neanderthal got to northern Europe. This explains it.
Who the fuck are "my mates." that would push bullshit?
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Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa, scientists find 24 Oct 2017 01:40 #8

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bd wrote:
Lizzy wrote:
There's several threads on it here - we went into all a while back - the Out of Africa theory is as good as dead for many peeps but will no doubt continue to be pushed by your mates ,

By my mates ... Huh?
I posted it because it answered some questions for me about how Neanderthal got to northern Europe. This explains it.

This Graecopithecus is dated at 7.2 million years. Long before any "ice age".

Just when do you think Neanderthals were around, bd? :ponda:
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Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa, scientists find 24 Oct 2017 01:56 #9

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Gaia wrote:
bd wrote:
Lizzy wrote:
There's several threads on it here - we went into all a while back - the Out of Africa theory is as good as dead for many peeps but will no doubt continue to be pushed by your mates ,

By my mates ... Huh?
I posted it because it answered some questions for me about how Neanderthal got to northern Europe. This explains it.

This Graecopithecus is dated at 7.2 million years. Long before any "ice age".

Just when do you think Neanderthals were around, bd? :ponda:

Much more recently than that.
\My point was that, no one has explained how neanderthal wound up in northern Europe about the same time other hominids were starting to leave Africa.
The current paradigm just seems to ignore it.
"From each according to his ability, to each according to his need."
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Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa, scientists find 24 Oct 2017 07:26 #10

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Science tends to get stuck in dogmas, and it takes a long time to alter them, in fact it will should by it's own laws alter them when new evidence is established. I think some scientists are are afraid of the bigheadians.

I think it was Lloyd Pie that said there is a scientific institution going around hiding information etc...but I don't recall exactly which one that he said it was.So we'll see.
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Europe was the birthplace of mankind, not Africa, scientists find 24 Oct 2017 21:56 #11

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Great article. I am quite tired of these pseudo-scientists that equate finding an old fossil with proof of the origin of man. Tomorrow they will find a 10 million year old fossil in Peru. And the next day they will find an older fossil in New Zealand. This constant reprinting of all the textbooks is really going to get expensive.
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