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TOPIC: Scientists find life coming to Earth from space

Scientists find life coming to Earth from space 03 Aug 2015 03:20 #1

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Scientists from the University of Sheffield believe they have found life arriving to Earth from space after sending a balloon to the stratosphere.

The team, led by Professor (Hon. Cardiff and Buckingham Universities) Milton Wainwright, from the University’s Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology found small organisms that could have come from space after sending a specially designed balloon to 27km into the stratosphere during the recent Perseid meteor shower.

Professor Wainwright said: “Most people will assume that these biological particles must have just drifted up to the stratosphere from Earth, but it is generally accepted that a particle of the size found cannot be lifted from Earth to heights of, for example, 27km. The only known exception is by a violent volcanic eruption, none of which occurred within three years of the sampling trip.

“In the absence of a mechanism by which large particles like these can be transported to the stratosphere we can only conclude that the biological entities originated from space. Our conclusion then is that life is continually arriving to Earth from space, life is not restricted to this planet and it almost certainly did not originate here.”

Professor Wainwright said the results could be revolutionary: “If life does continue to arrive from space then we have to completely change our view of biology and evolution,” he added. “New textbooks will have to be written!”

The balloon, designed by Chris Rose and Alex Baker from the University of Sheffield’s Leonardo Centre for Tribology, was launched near Chester and carried microscope studs which were only exposed to the atmosphere when the balloon reached heights of between 22 and 27km. The balloon landed safely and intact near Wakefield. The scientists then discovered that they had captured a diatom fragment and some unusual biological entities from the stratosphere, all of which are too large to have come from Earth.

Professor Wainwright said stringent precautions had been taken against the possibility of contamination during sampling and processing, and said the group was confident that the biological organisms could only have come from the stratosphere.

The group’s findings have been published in the Journal of Cosmology and updated versions will appear in the same journal, a new version of which will be published in the near future. Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe of the Buckingham, University Centre for Astrobiology (of which Professor Wainwright is an Honorary Fellow) also gave a presentation of the group’s findings at a meeting of astronomers and astrobiologists in San Diego last month.

Professor Wainwright’s team is hoping to extend and confirm their results by carrying out the test again in October to coincide with the upcoming Haley’s Comet-associated meteorite shower when there will be large amounts of cosmic dust. It is hoped that more new, or unusual, organisms will be found.

Professor Wainwright added: “Of course it will be argued that there must be an, as yet, unknown mechanism for transferring large particles from Earth to the high stratosphere, but we stand by our conclusions. The absolutely crucial experiment will come when we do what is called ‘isotope fractionation’. We will take some of the samples which we have isolated from the stratosphere and introduce them into a complex machine – a button will be pressed. If the ratio of certain isotopes gives one number then our organisms are from Earth, if it gives another, then they are from space. The tension will obviously be almost impossible to live with!”
www.sheffield.ac.uk/news/nr/scientists-find-life-coming-to-earth-from-space-1.309972
A balloon used to sample the stratosphere for microbes in an attempt to demonstrate neopanspermia-the view that life (microbes) are continually arriving to Earth from space

www.sheffield.ac.uk/mbb/staff/wainwright


According to the premise of this research earth is being constantly delivered ''small organisms''.
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Last Edit: 03 Aug 2015 03:26 by Frothy.
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Scientists find life coming to Earth from space 03 Aug 2015 03:37 #2

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More Evidence of Life from Space: Isolation of a Remarkable Space-Derived Titanium Life Form
Continuing with their work on the isolation of life from space a group of two Buckingham Professors, and members of the Buckingham University Centre for Astrobiology, Milton Wainwright and Chandra Wickramasinghe have now reported the isolation, from the stratosphere, of a remarkable life form associated with a titanium sphere. Their results are published in the Open Access On-line Journal of Cosmology Vol. 23(5) pp11117-11125. (journalofcosmology.com/JOC23/MiltPaper34.pdf). The experimental work was done at Sheffield University and the research group includes Sheffield engineering PhD students, Chris Rose and Alex Baker.
Professor Wainwright and Wickramasinghe claims that the findings are literally “out of this world” and provide almost certain evidence that life is continually raining down to Earth from space. The remarkable finding in
question is the isolation of an extremely small (30micron) titanium sphere which is full of biology-associated material and is has a fungus like “knitted mat-like” covering. The sphere was isolated using a balloon-lofted sampler at between 22-27 km.

The titanium sphere isolated from the stratosphere with a fungus-like
“knitted” cover; the sphere has been moved across the sampling stub to reveal biological material streaming out and a deep impact crater to the right.
Professor Wainwright says “Biologists have never found anything like this on Earth, and what is equally exciting is that the sphere made an impact crater on the sampling stub. This proves beyond doubt that the particle was travelling at speed from space when it was sampled.”
Professor Wainwright continues. “Another remarkable thing about all of the biological entities which we have isolated from the stratosphere is that they are not associated with contaminating, terrestrial dust, pollen grains, fungal spores or other Earth material which would be expected to be picked up by the sampler, had the isolated biological entities came up from Earth. Professor Wickramasinghe comments:
“Our biological entities are pristinely isolated on the sampling stubs and are not associated with inorganic dust (volcanic or otherwise) or common Earth –derived biology. We would ask our critics to point to a mechanism that can elevate material from Earth to heights of 22-27 km and magically sieve-out all of the biological and non-biological material to leave only the unusual biological entities we find, these being between 10-300 micron, sizes which, according to atmospheric physicists, are too large to be carried from Earth to the stratosphere.”
The group has been trying to arrange for isotope fractionation to be performed on previous stratosphere isolates to conform their space-origin, but without success. Professor Wainwright however, claims that, in many ways, the impact-event findings provide better evidence that this biology-associated titanium sphere came from space. As he explains “The fact that the biological titanium sphere, which has no Earth analogue, caused a crater when it impacted the sampler provides convincing evidence that it entered the stratosphere from space and did not lazily float up from Earth to a height of 22-27kilometeres.”
The research paper detailing the work is published in the Journal of Cosmology which, despite the claims of internet trolls, is presently a peer-reviewed journal; the paper detailing the finding has therefore undergone the normal process of independent scientific review. One of the referees stated (quoted with permission):
“This paper has been thoughtfully written and reports a fascinating observation that absolutely must be published and communicated to the scientific community. It represents an important .and challenging finding regarding material rigorously sampled in the stratosphere (at a height of between 22- 27 kilometres) and it has been coupled to some innovative and useful thinking about the possible origin of this material.”
The Group chose this journal to avoid the editors and reviewers of biological journals who are prejudiced against the idea that life is currently arriving to Earth from space
The Group believe that the stratosphere-biological entities which they have isolated probably originated from comets. They now hope that other scientists will sample the stratosphere and confirm the Sheffield findings.
Finally Professor Wickramasinghe concludes by saying:”we are tired of our critics stating that “extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence”. Implicit in this statement is the idea that a novel scientific idea can only be suggested if all the information demonstrating its veracity is available. History informs us however, that science rarely progresses in this manner but instead
proceeds by the accumulation of small increments of new knowledge. We prefer another of Carl Sagan’s quotes namely that “somewhere, something incredible is waiting to be known.”
Wainwright and Wickramasinghe conclude: “It is vitally important for such results as we have obtained to be published and assessed. If only those ideas get published that are considered orthodox in relation to current controversies, progress of science will stall as it did for centuries in the Middle Ages.”
www.buckingham.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/More-evidence-of-life-from-space.pdf
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Scientists find life coming to Earth from space 03 Aug 2015 04:10 #3

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Scientists find life coming to Earth from space 03 Aug 2015 04:35 #4

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Apparently the sound is ''magnetic oscillations'' that scientists converted into an audible format.
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Scientists find life coming to Earth from space 03 Aug 2015 05:22 #5

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The spacecraft which made a spectacular landing on a comet last year has discovered a rich array of carbon compounds.
www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-33720951
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